Parodontologija

Parodonthology

Epidemiological data from all over the world show an extreme presence of dental disease– gingivitis and parodontopathy. It is believed that, aside from the dental cavity, gingivitis and paradontopathy are the most spread disease of humanity. It is stressed that majority of adults and about 1/3 of children are suffering from these disease.  True dimensions of economic and social importance are acknowledged if one learns that paradontopathy and paradoncium disease are the major cause of death after the age of 45.

The biggest problem is that paradontopathy and gingivitis are sly disease. The breakout, as well as most of the time during the disease progess is followed by insignificant issues. There is no pain, except for an occasional bleeding, which is something patients rarely pay attention to. Patients normally come to see the dentist only when the disease has progressed and when teeth become loose, and even start falling out. Sadly, intervention in that stage gives weaker results.

Parodontopathy – cause and treatment

The cause of  gingivitis is familiar: tooth buildup, “dental plaque“, mostly composed of microorganisms. Local risk factors are the following: smoking, inadequate oral hygiene, iatrogenic factors, etc. General risk factors are: some system disease (especially diabetes mellitus), malnutrition, medication, genetic factors, etc.

It is important to emphasize that and adult person’s mouth bacteria flora can have from 500 to 1,000 different bacteria types. Persons who regularly maintain their oral hygiene have from 1,000 to up to 100,000 bacteria on a tooth’s surface, while the persons whose oral hygiene is insufficient have from 100 million to even 1 billion bacteria.

The treatment is started off with removing dental plaque, and preventing its buildup. Modern therapy implies working on local and general risk factors. As a part of the therapy, antibiotics can be used.

Once widely spread belief that paradontopathy and other paradoncium disease incurable is no longer held. Professional treatment can put the disease under control and stop it. In the treatment we resort to regenerative treatment methods with the usage of membranes, bone i aloplastic substitutes, growth factors, et al. , but in some instances it is necessary to apply the measures of resective surgery as well.  Thanks to the application of these methods, regeneration of distroyed paradoncium tissues is enabled, as well as their repair.

If you would like to find out more about the prices of our paradonthology services you can reach out to us through our contact page.

Periodontal Pockets